Opioids are derived from the poppy plant. They are often compared with Morphine, Heroin, and Opium due to similar nature. As they are ubiquitous and people can now buy prescription drugs online, this means opioids are easily available. Many stores also provide discounted prescription drugs. The ease of accessibility has allowed people to misuse these drugs. It is estimated that roughly 190 million authorizations of opioids are written in the United States annually.
It is believed that addiction to opioids is pervasive today. Opioids are mostly prescribed for chronic pain. When a person consumes opioids, they feel happy and high, as opioids block the brain from feeling any pain, this is the euphoric effect.
Opioids are prescribed for 4 to 6 days, whereas studies have shown that the time it takes for a person’s body to depend on the medicine is 5 days. If the prescription is filled for a second time, the chances of abuse become very high. Opioid addicts start to lose the grey matter that is found in one’s brain. This results in a lack of critical thinking skills and increases impulsive behavior. As the drug addiction continues, it causes the brain to shrink. The brain also loses the competence of restoring itself. This can be extremely dangerous.
Increased use of opioids can cause fatigue, constipation, chest pain, nausea, and confusion. It can also be deadly under certain circumstances as it can cause respiratory disorder or cause one to stop breathing. It is why getting treatment is very important.
List of Prescription Opioid Drugs
At times, it is difficult to recognize the medication’s names written with the prescription, which could be harmful to the individual consuming the prescription opioids as he might take it more than once without realizing it. The cycle of abuse starts when the individual starts taking more medication hoping that it will increase the recovery process and provide long-term benefits. Memorizing the names of quality prescription drugs may assist you or your dear ones in preventing drug overdose. The following list consists of the most common prescription opioids along with their brands:
- Methadone (Dolophine and Methadose)
- Morphine (Avinza, Morphabond, Oramorph, MS Contin, Roxinal-T and Kadian)
- Oxycodone with acetaminophen (Percocet and Roxicet)
- Oxycodone with Naloxone (Targiniq ER)
- Tapentadol (Nucynta ER)
- Oxycodone (Oxyado OxyContin, and Xtampza ER)
- Meperidine (Demerol)
- Fentanyl (Sublimaze, Actiq, Onsolis, Fentora, Duragesic, and Abstral)
- Hydrocodone (Zohydro ER, Hysingla)
- Hydromorphine (Exalgo and Dilaudid)
- Hydrocodone with acetaminophen (Lorcet, Vicodin, Norco, and Lortab)
- Buprenorphine (Butrans)