The Four Elements Involved In DBT
DBT uses four elements; this makes it unique as other therapies only use one element. The four elements that are used in dialectical behavior therapy are:
Mindfulness means that a person lives in the moment instead of dwelling on the past. Dwelling on the past is common in addicts and people with trauma. DBT teaches them how to get better at mindfulness and to stop worrying about the past or the future and instead focus on the present.
2. Emotional Regulation
This involves managing emotions and feelings; these can include both good and bad emotions. This is essential for those people who are extremely sensitive. DBT allows people to focus on regulating emotions instead of being overburdened by feelings.
3. Interpersonal Effectiveness
This element helps people to communicate better, which allows them to strengthen bonds and relationships.
4. Distress Tolerance
This element of DBT allows people to build tolerance against negative influences and people. This helps people as they work towards becoming resilient towards the words and negativity of others.
Uses of DBT
Difference between CBT and DBT
CBT and DBT are two different treatments. Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on the psychological aspects of a person’s problems. It is mostly focused on negative emotions and thoughts that hold a person back from living his best life.
Dialectical behavioral therapy includes similar things as CBT but also helps a person build distress tolerance and better communication skills; this makes it a holistic approach. These two added elements make it different from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Other than negative thoughts and behavior, a person also learns how to control himself in stressful situations.
Both these therapies are useful and should not be compared with each other as they are used for different purposes, depending on the patient’s needs.